Art and Design


The national curriculum for art and design aims to ensure that all pupils create their own pieces of work and have the opportunity to explore their ideas through a range of different media.  Through their school life, children will have the opportunity to develop their skills in areas such as: painting, drawing and sculpture. The ability to evaluate and analyse their own work should feature in their learning along with exploring the work of great artists and designers.


In Key Stage 1, the curriculum focuses on children learning to use a range of materials, developing art and design techniques through the 7 elements of art and learning and understanding the work of different artists.

In Key Stage 2, children are encouraged to develop their own sketchbooks whilst recording ideas and improving their skills in art and design techniques such as: drawing, painting and sculpture.  Learning about the work of great artists and designers is also used.


What are the seven elements of art?

Line is a mark on a surface that can be thick or thin.  Different types of line can include: straight, curved, horizontal or vertical.

Shapeis a 2 dimensional line with no form or thickness.  It is where line connects with itself. Shapes are flat and are often group into two categories: geometric and free-form.

Formis a 3 dimensional object. Examples could be a cube or cylinder.

Textureis the surface quality of the object.  This is usually how something feels or looks like it would feel.

Spaceis an area in or around a piece of art

Colour  - is made when light reflects off an object into your eye.   The three primary colours are: red, blue and yellow colours. When mixed, they can make primary and secondary colours.  Tints are created when you add white and shades when adding black. Adding black and white to a colour produces a tone. 

Valueis the lightness or darkness or colours. Tints are lighter whereas shades are darker.


There are many different resources online which give short tutorials on how to develop art skills.  Here are some ideas:


Draw with Rob Biddulph

Doodle patterns